The first image here is of the cope of the Order of the Golden Fleece. Its Flemish, and from the mid-15th century. Its an astonishing piece of work, elaborately done in gold metal and silks. The second image is a close up of what is called bullion work, where the gold is made into a tightly coiled spiral, which is cut as needed, and held down with stitches that run through it, holding all the gold onto the surface of the fabric.
After the introduction of tambour work, surface decoration reached higher and higher levels of sophistication and inventiveness decade after decade; and now with even newer materials and techniques to hand it continues to do so.
And as robotics continues to get more facility, we will be able to go even further still. I so look forward to the possibilities.